How Much Does It Cost to Filter the Water in Your Home?
If you want the water in your home to be completely safe to drink, and good to taste, then it’s a good idea to purchase a water filtration product. There are several different products on the market, so you should be able to find one to suit your budget.
The product you choose will depend on your individual needs. If you are living in a single person household, you may want to simply use a water filtering jug. You also have the option of using a counter top, or under sink system. These systems are also ideal if you have a family. If you are looking for a system that is suitable for a business environment you may want to consider investing in a water bubbler. This type of product can help you supply clean and fresh water for several people. We are going to take a look at the different products you can consider using if you want to filter the water supply in your home or business premises; including information about how much the different products are likely to cost you.
Why filter water in the first place?
Before we talk about different methods of filtering water let’s consider why water filtration is even necessary. The water that you get from your tap is originally sourced from underground, or from lakes or reservoirs. It’s then treated, by the water company. This treatment is necessary, in order to remove bugs from the water. However, it means that the water can be left tasting and smelling unpleasant, having come into contact with chemicals such as chlorine.
Following the treatment process, water is delivered to your home along pipes. As it travels along these pipes it can become contaminated with pesticides and dirt. Hopefully, you can now see why filtering the water supply in your home or business makes sense.
Which water filtration system is best for you?
Having shown you how important it is to filter water we are now going to introduce you to the different water filtration products you can find on the market.
Lowest priced water filtration products.
Even if you do not have a large budget to spend on filtering your water supply, there is still something you can do. You can buy a jug filter which will cost you approximately AUS$25 to AUS$75. If you decide to do this then you need to bear in mind that you will have ongoing costs, such as the regular replacement of filters.
Mid-range priced solutions.
If you have more money to invest it’s a good idea to take a look at counter top and under sink water filtration units. These units enable you to filter water for a family on an ongoing basis. They cost around AUS$60(US$45) to AUS$350(US$275), for a counter top system and around AUS$180(US$140) and AUS$600(US$450) for an under-sink system. The additional cost is due to the plumbing that is required.
If you are looking at a solution for a business premises, then you should take a look at water fountains and bubblers. These systems vary in price, but you should be looking at an average cost of around AUS$3,000(US$2,300).
Filtration systems for the whole property.
Whole property water filtration systems are ideal if the quality of your water supply is poor. The downside of this type of system is that it’s more expensive than the other solutions we have mentioned. You are probably going to face an initial outlay of around AUS$4,000(US$4,100).
As you can see, you have plenty of options to consider if you want to filter your water supply. It’s important to remember that you need to factor in ongoing running and maintenance costs no matter which solution you opt for.
Because I live in a country that had considered the measles virus eliminated since the year 2000 I have zero first-hand experience with the disease. I do know, however, that the disease has made a comeback in recent years because of the influx of people choosing not to vaccinate their children, for a variety of reasons. With all the media coverage and discussion going on about the most recent measles outbreak, I decided to do my own research to find out more about the disease.
What is Measles?
Measles, caused by the measles virus, is a highly contagious infection which attacks the respiratory system . Most of the initial symptoms of measles are similar to that of the flu and include high fever (over 104.0° F), cough, runny nose, and red, watery eyes. A few days after initial symptoms appear, an infected person may develop small white spots inside the mouth, these are known as Koplik’s spots. Three to five days after the initial onset an infected person will notice a skin rash.
The rash usually begins around the hairline and on the face as flat red spots. From there it spreads downward to the neck, arms, chest, stomach, back, legs, and feet. The flat red spots may have smaller raised bumps that appear on top as well.
Generally, the onset of the rash is accompanied by a fever spike to over 104.0 ° F.
How is Measles Transmitted?
The measles virus lives in the mucus of the nose and throat of infected persons and so is mainly passed through coughing and sneezing. The virus stays alive for up to two hours on surfaces and in the air where an infected person has coughed or sneezed. Other people in the area who breath the contaminated air or touch the contaminated surface can become infected. The virus can also be passed through contact with saliva and nasal secretions.
“Measles is so contagious that if one person has it, 90% of the people close to that person who are not immune will also become infected.”
Persons infected with the measles virus can infect other people from four days before until four days after the appearance of the rash. So a person could be a carrier of the virus without showing any symptoms and still be contagious.
What are the Complications that Come From Measles?
Measles can be very serious for anyone that is infected, however, those younger than five and older than 20 have a higher chance of developing complications from the disease. About 30% of measles cases report complications of some kind, according to the CDC.
Some of the most common complications include ear infection and diarrhea. Ear infections are seen in 1 in 10 children (10% of the infected) with measles and diarrhea is reported in less than 10% of cases. If not treated properly, ear infections can lead to permanent hearing loss.
As with many diseases there are also some serious complications that can arise from measles as well, including pneumonia and encephalitis. Pneumonia, an infection of the lungs, is reported in 1 in 20 children (5% of the infected) and is the leading cause of death in this age group. Encephalitis (swelling of the brain) is reported in 1 out of 1,000 children (0.001% of the infected) and can cause convulsions, deafness, and mental retardation.
Measles in pregnant women can cause premature birth and/or low-birth weight for the baby.
Statistically, in the U.S. one of every 1,000 (0.001%) cases of the measles one or two of the infected will die. As with all the complications death is most likely in children and older adults.
Even after a person has recovered from the measles there is a chance of them developing complications from the disease in the future. Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) can develop 7 to 10 years after a person has had the measles. SSPE is a rare, but fatal disease affecting the central nervous system. Since the elimination of measles in the U.S. (2000) there have been few reported cases of SSPE, but from 1989 to 1991 between 4 and 11 cases out of every 100,000 were considered to be at risk for developing SSPE. The risk was higher for those contracting measles before the age of two.
Measles can be prevented through the use of the MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) vaccine. Through vaccine usage in the U.S. there are more than 99% fever cases of Measles than before the vaccine was introduced, however, measles is still very common in other countries.
Since the virus is highly contagious it can spread very quickly in areas where there are many unvaccinated persons.
“Worldwide, an estimated 20 million people get measles and 146,000 people die from the disease each year—that equals about 440 deaths every day or about 17 deaths every hour.”
In case you’re not a math lover or just don’t want to figure it out, that is a 0.0073% mortality rate. That is over seven times higher than the U.S. mortality rate.
What Can I Do to Protect My Family?
The CDC recommends that all children get two doses of the MMR vaccine, the first between 12 and 15 months old and the second between 4 and 6 years old. The second dose of the vaccine can be given earlier if desired, as long as 28 days has passed since the first vaccine was administered.
A child traveling abroad who is between 6 and 11 months should receive one dose of the vaccine, followed by the two doses recommended above.
Are There Reasons to Not Get the Vaccine?
Turns out, as with nearly every medical practice, there are exceptions to the CDC recommendation. Some people should not get the vaccine or wait until a later time to get the vaccine.
These groups of people include:
Anyone who has had a life-threatening allergic reaction to the antibiotic neomycin or any other part of the MMR vaccine.
Anyone who has had a life-threatening allergic reaction to a prior dose of the MMR vaccine.
Pregnant women should wait to get the vaccine until after giving birth. (Women should also avoid getting pregnant within 4 weeks of receiving the vaccine.)
Someone who is sick at the time the dose is scheduled to be administered may be advised, by their physician, to wait until they are well.
Alert the physician if the person getting the vaccine:
Has HIV/AIDS, or another disease that affects the immune system
Is being treated with drugs that affect the immune system
Has any kind of cancer
Is being treated for cancer with radiation or drugs
Has ever had a low platelet count
Has gotten another vaccine within the past 4 weeks
Has recently had a transfusion or received other blood products
Any of these might be a reason to not get the vaccine, or delay vaccination until later. (Taken direct from the CDC website.)
What are the Risks?
As with any medicine, there are some possible side effects of the MMR vaccine. The risk of the MMR vaccine causing serious harm, or death, is very small so getting the vaccine is much safer than getting Measles, Mumps, or Rubella.
The possible mild reactions include a fever (about 17% of those vaccinated), a mild rash (about 5% of those vaccinated), and swelling of the glands in the cheek or neck (about 1.5% of those vaccinated).
The possible moderate reactions include seizures caused by fever (about 0.0003% of those vaccinated), temporary joint pain and stiffness (up to about 25% with higher chances in teen and adult women), and temporary low platelet count which could lead to a bleeding disorder (about 0.00003% of those vaccinated).
There is also a very small chance of a sever allergic reaction in less than 1 out of a million doses(less than 0.000001%).
According to the CDC website, several other severe problems have been reported after a child gets MMR vaccine, including:
Long-term seizures, coma, or lowered consciousness
Permanent brain damage
However, these are so rare that it is hard to tell whether they are caused by the vaccine.
Does the Measles Vaccine Cause Autism?
No. Because science. (As Papa Dragon would put it.)
But seriously, there is no scientific evidence to support the theory that vaccines cause autism. Here is a link to a great pdf resource citing numerous independent studies that show there is no connection between the MMR vaccine and autism.